Articles in database from Leavenworth Journal: 23
Vol. 1, No. 10. John D. Henderson, editor. Office in the stone building on the levee, corner of Cherokee Street. Wm. L. Davis is our authorized agent in St. Louis, Mo.
The Weston Reporter. The sapient wiseacre who presides over the editorial columns of the above sheet, in noticing the withdrawal of S. J. Lowe from the canvass, takes occasion to brand as "nullifiers" and "extremists" all who saw fit to refuse to bow the knee to his master, the great "Ego," whose sycophantic tool he is; more especially the Hon. D. R. Atchison and Gen. Stringfellow, the leading guardians of Southern Rights in Missouri and Kansas.
We have observed the course pursued by this abolition disorganizer, in prostituting the columns of his paper to the vile purpose of publishing abolition falsehoods, blacker than the heart that conceived them....Knowing as we do that advantage would be taken of the sentiments expressed by him, purporting to be those of the citizens of Missouri, by his associates and his Black Republican coadjutors throughout the North, we have been induced to thus notice him.
So far from the Reporter being the organ of the pro-slavery or Democratic party in Platte County, it is notoriously the fact that there are not 10 men of character in it who would endorse its course, or risk their reputation for veracity by stating that it expresses the sentiments of a "Corporal's Guard" of voters in the precinct. Like its master, Thos. H. Benton, it aims but to stab the Democratic party by basely misrepresenting it, by publishing the most infamous slanders upon its fearless leaders....
*Jno. D. Henderson, editor. We trust out patrons will pardon the appearance of the Journal this week. Owing to our closing the office during our absence at the war, our rollers become hardened, old ads pied, and divers other accidents too numerous to mention....
*The Kansas War as Seen by the Editor
Some six weeks ago, our Territory was invaded by an army claiming to be the "Free State army of the north," headed by the notorious Jas. H. Lane of Indiana.
The army numbered one thousand men, well armed, drilled and equipped; whose term of enlistment was "for the war," whose pay was to be the "claims" of their victims.
The avowed object of the invasion was to drive out all the law abiding citizens by force, in order that their peculiar ideas of freelovism, negro equality, and amalgamation might flourish, and their unprincipled exponents be elevated to positions of dignity, profit and power.
True to their plans and determinations, as expressed in their journals throughout the North, they immediately on their arrival commenced their work of rapine and murder. Neither age, sex, nor condition escaped their fury; the widow and the orphan, the young and the aged, all were made the recipients of their outrages.
Private dwellings were sacked, stores robbed, and their inmates subjected to the grossest insults.
But their outrages were not confined to private individuals, but to those in the service of the United States. Squire Crane, the post master at Franklin, after having his house robbed, his wife insulted and maltreated, was ordered in the most preemptory manner to surrender the key to the post office, which, after robbing of all its contents, they set fire to.
Capt. McAlear of Alexandria, post master, was served in like manner; Franklin, Alexandria, and Easton had been sacked and Lecompton and Leavenworth were threatened; such was the condition of Kansas when the Militia of the territory was ordered out by the Governor.
The 1st or Southern Division, under command of Gen. Atchison, were to occupy the south side of the Kansas River, to act in concert with the Northern Division, under Gen. Richardson. In company with the hands from our office, we volunteered as high private in Capt. A. B. Miller's Southern Rangers. After proceeding to camp, we were joined by the Kickapoo Rangers under Capt. Martin; Union Guards, Capt. Dunn; Coot Guards, Capt. Fleming; Round Prairie Guards, Capt. McDonnell; and the Calhoun Guards under Capt. Buchanan.
Col. Payne of the 4th Regiment, K.M., having been appointed brigadier general, an election for regimental officers was held. Capt. J. J. Clarkson of Leavenworth City was unanimously elected colonel, and J. W. Dargan of S.C., major. The Grand Council having been held at Lecompton, it was ordered that the regiment be divided, one half to cross to Lecompton and join Gen. Richardson's command, and the remainder, under Col. Clarkson, to move down to opposite Lawrence to cut off all foraging parties en route to Leavenworth, and to act in concert with the two wings of the militia.
But, lo! Presto, just as the arrangements had been completed, by the carrying out of which we could, with ease, have taken Lawrence, and with it Jim Lane and his unprincipled minions, a messenger arrives, bringing the astounding intelligence that Atchison's Division, being impressed with the belief that those composing it were not as well drilled as circumstances required, had fallen back to effect a more complete organization; and that after arriving at the point agreed upon, that the officers, who had permitted the retreat, had lost all control over their men, and as a consequence a regular stampede had taken place.
The truth of the report, at first, could hardly be realized, but when messenger after messenger arrived, all bringing the same intelligence, the assurance of the humiliating fact was "rendered double sure." That Lawrence and Lane's army would have been ours in another day, had not those comprising the Southern Division retreated, at the very moment victory was about to crown our efforts with success, none who was there can for a moment doubt.
But, although disheartened at thus being foiled in their exertions to do their duty as men and soldiers, those comprising the Northern Division did not retreat, but kept the field till another, and a more complete, organization of the Southern Division could be effected; fully impressed with the belief that Missouri, in order to retrieve her tarnished honor, would come up and do her duty.
Word having arrived on the 11th inst. that the Southern Division had been organized, under the command of General Reid, the Northern Division, under Col. Clarkson, by a forced march joined it near Wakarusa, at which point a defense from Lane was expected. None taking place, the army under command of General Reid marched forward, expecting to reach Lawrence same afternoon. After proceeding to within two miles of Franklin, one of the advance guard returned to the main body with the intelligence that one of their party had been shot and killed at the town of Franklin.
This was enough. The whole army, twenty-three hundred strong, had to be formed into battle array, a feat requiring some two hours to do. No enemy appearing, instead of immediately marching to Lawrence, a council was held, and the Missouri Wiseacres who presided over it, and who controlled it, determined to order a halt and encamp for the night, knowing at the time (for none who had common sense could doubt it) that the cowardly ruffians in Lawrence who composed Lane's army would in the fullness of their cowardice, on hearing of our numbers, send begging to the Governor, with "full promises of new obedience," for his aid and protection, and as a consequence, he, from his instructions, be bound to interpose.
The morning of the 13th came, and with it the fact (which those who came to take Lane and his minions feared) that Lane's men, true to their instincts as cowards, had thrown down their arms and supplicated the Governor to spare the town, and protect their lives, notwithstanding their past damning actions of murder, rapine and treason. Lane ingloriously fled, leaving his fanatic dupes to shriek for mercy at the hands of offended justice. The time and opportunity to take Lawrence had passed.
Procrastination on the part of those in command prevented Lawrence being taken, and the laws of the Territory being enforced, by those whose duty it was to enforce them, the Kansas Militia.
A second farce had been enacted. The Governor, who, for his energy, tact, and judgment, deserves all praise, called a council, which we attended. Speeches full of Buncombe occupied the time which ought to have been devoted to business, and the army, for seven hours without water and food, endured the burning rays of old Sol, while the political dignitaries who held chief command delivered themselves of their patriotism, and evinced their entire willingness to return from whence they came, and thus show their willingness to be subservient to the orders of the Governor. This was the end of the second farce.
Col. Clarkson, with his division, started on the same evening for Lawrence, en route to Leavenworth. He encamped on the heights overlooking the town, next morning moved to Lecompton, and crossing there, arrived in Leavenworth on the 25th inst.
We have endeavored in this abstract to give a plain statement of the actions of the army, in the main. To particularize the many acts of bravery and manliness which fell under our personal view would be invidious, but knowing as we do the services performed by all, we cannot resist the temptation to give an additional amount of credit to the regiment commanded by Col. J. J. Clarkson. Its efficiency was acknowledged by all, and the military skill displayed by its able commander won for him the respect and esteem of all who were fortunate enough to be under his command.
We cannot close this article without expressing our opinion upon the state of our territory as it at present exists. We have a Governor (Jno. W. Geary) who, if he lives up to the letter of his promises, will enforce the laws of the territory, and laid down upon the statute book, which Lane and his hordes have sworn to resist to a "bloody issue."
He has the United States Troops, some 800 in number, to assist him. He has also the whole Law and Order Party in the territory at his command. Lane has fled the territory. Those of his marauding bands who have not been driven out by the Law and Order Party are receiving their deserts at the hands of the U.S. Troops under the personal supervision of the governor. Personal safety is no longer in danger on our highways. Business is fast regaining its wonted briskness; and our towns now present their former lively aspect.
Kansas is once more in a state of peace, quiet and rest.
"Leavenworth Journal. This sterling and unflinching pro-slavery paper...comes to us with John D. Henderson, our classmate and friend, as editor. It may surprise Alabamians when we say Mr. Henderson was raised in western Pennsylvania and is now a bona fide pro-slavery man. Such, however, is the liberality of his views and education that the Journal is inferior to none in the Territory in marked ability and fidelity to the Southern cause...." -- Florence (Ala.) Gazette.
*Southern Rangers. This company was formed in pursuance of the call of the governor, to be used specially as scouts. In the first election for officers, A. B. Miller of Leavenworth was unanimously elected captain; J. J. Riley of Georgia, 1st Lieut.; and W. A. B. Goddard of Georgia, orderly sergeant....The Rangers stood "second to none" for efficiency. If the Territorial appointees, and those who held the highest command, had evinced one half the energy manifested by the Rangers and their captain, the Southern Division wou
The largest printing press in the world. The New York correspondent to the New Orleans Picayune thus alludes to a pair of printing presses now building by the Messrs. Hoe: "Perhaps, when the London Times ordered a ten-cylinder press from the Messrs. Hoe, it imagined it was leaving even the most enterprising of American journals in the background, but...we now learn that the circulation of the Philadelphia Ledger (running well on to one hundred thousand copies daily) has compelled the enterprising proprietors of that papers, Swain & Abel, to order from the manufacturers two 12-cylinder presses at a cost of $70,000! To accommodate these gigantic pieces,...the Ledger folks have been obliged to purchase two adjoining buildings....The Ledger will be able to print sixty thousand sheets an hour...."
On the 9th day of October, A.D. 1854, the first sale of lots came off in our town, and we may perhaps with propriety denominate that as the anniversary. There was then three houses here, partly built, or rather the shells of houses which were occupied from necessity, for want of better; one was the printing office of the Kansas Herald, another the store house of S. N. Rees, and the third the Leavenworth Hotel....
*Dr. Schareff, formerly of Lawrence, K.T., and the gentleman who so signally proved the cowardice of G. W. Brown, the notorious Abolition Editor of the (defunct) Herald of Freedom, has permanently located in our city....
...The Squatters of the Delaware Lands held a mass convention on Friday last, on the Levee, immediately in the rear of Rees' and Keith's Ware House. Dr. J. H. Day was chosen president, and R. R. Rees secretary. The object of the meeting was stated by Col. B. B. Taylor in a neat and forcible speech....
Having taken charge of the Journal during the absence of the editor (and the devil), who has gone East for a short time to recruit his spirits after the fatigue of the summer's campaign in which he had the double duty to perform, that of giving the Abolitionists "fits," through the columns of the Journal, and of driving Jim Lane and his cohorts out of the Territory....
Chas. P. Townsend is our regular authorized agent for the Southern states. Col. J. J. Clarkson, now traveling in the Southern states, is fully authorized to act as agent for the Journal. J. S. Post is authorized to act as agent for the Journal in the City of St. Louis. Post masters friendly to the cause of Kansas and the South will please act as agents for the Journal. Thos. S. Price of Hamilton, N.C., now traveling in the South, is authorized to act as agent for the Journal.
Salutatory. On taking the chair, as associate editor of the Journal, I present my congratulations and extend the "right hand of fellowship" to its numerous patrons....The line of policy which has hitherto marked the course of the Journal under the management of the able editor-in-chief meets with my hearty approval....Ibzan J. Rice, associate editor.
*Gen. Atchison Upon Kansas, from the Edgefield (S.C.) Advertiser.
The following brief letter has come within our reach and we claim the privilege of publishing it.
"Platte City, Oct. 9, 1856. R. M. Fuller, Esq. Dear sir: Your letter, together with the draft for $138.40, has been received and your instructions shall be followed....We have carried the elections in Kansas. The new governor gives satisfaction. But, my dear sir, it is no time for Southern men to relax their exertions. We must do it. If we do our duty, Kansas will be a slave state in twelve months ? a state either in or out of the Union. Yours truly, D. R. Atchison."
Salutatory. On taking the chair as associate editor of the Journal, I...extend the "right hand of fellowship" to its numerous patrons....The line of policy which has hitherto marked the course of the Journal under the able "Editor-in-chief" meets with my hearty approval....Here we find two parties; one of which is composed of law-abiding citizens, supporters of a territorial form of government which, having been regularly organized, has been recognized by the Congress and President of the United States; and the other rebels and traitors to that government and who, having sworn to resist, have resisted the laws, even to the "bloody issue."...During my connection wit the Journal, I shall advocate...these measures which shall be calculated, in my humble judgment, to advance the interests and ensure the success of the law and order (or if you please) the pro-slavery party of Kansas territory. I believe that slavery is morally and politically right, that it has the sanction of high Heaven, and that the condition of the African himself has been benefited thereby.... -- Ibzan J. Rice, associate editor.
W. W. Ivory, late associate editor of the Journal, now sojourning in Lecompton, is our regularly constituted agent....Having the largest circulation in the Territory, the Journal offers unequalled inducements to advertisers....
W. W. Ivory, late associate editor of the Journal, now sojourning in Lecompton, is our regularly constituted agent, and will receipt for all favors extended to the Journal. Having the largest circulation in the Territory, the Journal offers unequalled inducements to advertisers. The present legislature being the most important that has yet convened in the territory, it will be the aim of the editor to give a full and authentic summary of its proceedings, also a synopsis of the speeches of its members, on subjects of interest....
*The dastardly abolition (Lecompton) correspondent of the Topeka Tribune, having, in a late communication to that paper, made an unprovoked personal attack upon Judge Elmore, was...a few days ago at Tecumseh made to answer for the same by a severe stroke over the head with a stick in the hands of the judge, when the correspondent alluded to drew a pistol, fired upon the judge, the shot taking effect near his groins, and then fled. The judge returned the fire several times without serious injury to his antagonist. The judge is not considered as being dangerously wounded.
We will this week send to many of our subscribers a circular which we have had struck off for our friends to use for the benefit of the Journal, worthy the liberal patronage it has received, and if possible to extend the area of usefulness, both at home and abroad. To that end, we have added largely to our stock of type and paper....
John D. Henderson, editor. Ibzan J. Rice, associate editor. W. E. Blaney, publisher.
Married. In Doniphan, K.T., on the 23d,...Col. Robt. S. Kelley, editor of the Squatter Sovereign, to Miss Mary Foreman of Doniphan.
We are under obligations to the Leavenworth Herald and Times for the loan of paper, ink, &c., which we will not only repay, when the "express" (?) company arrives from its winter quarters on the banks of the Kaw, but whenever we have the ability and opportunity will reciprocate the favors.
We have been compelled to limit the number of papers issued this week in consequence of scarcity of paper. A supply has been on the way...for four weeks and was lodged by the Express Company at the Delaware crossing on the Kaw River; at which point, the "agent" went aboard a boat, his wagon having broken down, and returned to St. Louis.
The Geary City Era. This piebald sheet comes to us this week with the following at its head: Editors. Edwin H. Grant, Republican; Joseph Thompson, Democrat; Earle Marble, American; and then under it the following "spicy" notice: "Our junior editor wishes it to be distinctly understood that he has had nothing to do with the editorial control of the Era this week. He claims to be a Free State Democrat, and sneers at us as a Black Republican. We will let him try it next week."...The first editor who wields the quill with such force and effect is an abolitionist of the Frederick Douglass school; he went to a half nigger and half white school in Ohio, and was trained there to be on an equality with his ebony brethren; studied with them, associated intimately with them, and we believe slept with them and, in our opinion, looks meaner than the meanest one we ever saw....
"Now we know Phillips is not a truthful man, and we brand him as unworthy of any credence whatever."... ? Herald of Freedom. This Phillips was, during last year, the correspondent of the New York Tribune and manufacturer of material for shrieks for the Fremont party. He is the author of three-fifths of the "accounts from bleeding Kansas," which furnished texts for the three thousand political gospel preachers of Massachusetts. Now, if Brown tells the truth,...Phillips must be the most unmitigated liar in existence, and the readers of the Tribune the most humbugged set extant....
From the Doniphan Constitutionalist (Thomas Key, editor)
**Just after the Constitutionalist had been circulated through town, on last week, two gentlemen (?), with others to back them, came to the printing office and enquired for the editor; they were informed by the journeymen that he was in town. These two specimens of the Black Republican party then made known their mission by declaring that the "Constitutionalist contained several damn lies on Jim Lane, and it had to be stopped." They announced that they were "not alone, but that they had been sent and were backed in the matter." They came as Jim Lane directs, "with war in their hearts and arms in their bosoms." They became quite wrathy and declared that "if any more articles appeared in this paper that they knew to be damn lies, they would sink it and all connected with it into the bottom of hell." After talking like they were lords of all mankind, they left the office. Shortly after dark, a crowd of these scamps made preparations to proceed to the printing office to throw it into the river. They were, however, stopped by some of the sensible and moderate Republicans, and forewarned them not to attempt the destruction of the office. Our readers will remember that about twelve months since, Jim Lane came into the territory with an army gathered up in the Northern cities, the very offscourings of those cities, composed of loafers and blacklegs. As soon as they reached the territory, they commenced stealing horses, the destruction of property, and the lowest deeds of villainy. That this army was filled with thieves and rascals we can prove....These low-flung scamps are always on hand to do the dirty work of Jim Lane, and he has but to bid and, like slaves, they obey the commands of their master. They are poor, ignorant dupes, devoid of principle, hangers-on around doggeries, disturbers of the quiet of the community, trifling vagabonds, complete nincompoops and unworthy to associate with gentlemen. These are the men who threaten to "sink us, our paper and workmen in the bottom of hell," if we dare write about their great mogul. We shall continue to write of Lane whenever the occasion shall demand it, speak our sentiments without fear or reservation. Whenever any of these Black Republicans, black-hearted, black negro-stealing rascals wish to throw the Constitutionalist office into the river, they can come on. The fools are very much mistaken if they suppose we are to be intimidated from speaking our sentiments, and the press muzzled by such scamps as they....We will continue writing about Lane so long as he continues to make inflammatory speeches and disturbs the peace of the country by advocating resistance to the laws. Now the dirty puppies will have to destroy our office or lie. they can take either alternative....
The above is a beautiful commentary on the affairs of Kansas, and speaks volumes against the spirit of mob law that Lane and his unprincipled hired minions are now endeavoring to create.
Mr. Henderson is in attendance on the Constitutional Convention now in session at Lecompton. Mr. Rice ditto. We (the locum tenens) are solus....We note the above facts that the friends of the Journal may excuse any shortcomings in its "getting up," and its enemies may refrain from "pitching in" for a while....
Apologetic. This is our first issue since the election. We have been without paper and have consequently been unable until today to get out the Journal....The time intervening between our last publication day and that of our present issue has been devoted to setting our office to rights for the "dreary days" of winter....
On consigning to their final resting place in Pilot Knob Burial Ground all that was mortal of our late associate editor, Maj. Ibzan J. Rice, we were forcibly struck with that picturesque spot....
Apologetic. This is our first issue since the election. We have been without paper and have consequently been unable until today to get out the Journal. We are again supplied and we must beg the indulgence of our patrons. The time intervening between our last publication day and that of our present issue has been devoted to setting our office to rights for the "dreary days" of winter.
...The election of the 5th and 6th of October, 1857, in Kansas Territory, passed off with but a single breach of the peace occurring at any of the very numerous places of voting. That single, solitary exception occurred at Lawrence, the Black Republican headquarters. Gov. Walker had the troops everywhere so posted as not to be within sight, but near enough to be on the ground at the first signal of difficulty. Everywhere quiet and peace prevailed. Lane and his Black Republican forces of vaunted ballot-box bullies dared not carry out the threats made by him prior to the day of voting. Governor Walker had extracted his fangs and, though the viper still hissed, he was powerless to strike. It is doubtful whether the history of the elective franchise in our country can afford a single instance of as quiet and orderly an election as that our Territory has recently afforded.
"Leavenworth Journal. This paper, conducted by John D. Henderson for the last 18 months, has been sold out to a company in this place. It will be issued, we learn, this week under new auspices, and probably with a new name. It will come out as a Free State democratic paper, and opposed to the Constitution. Those connected with the paper are all gentlemen for whom we have the highest respect." -- Leavenworth Herald.
...Had friend Eastin heard us before he answered us, we cannot believe he would have told the country that ours was a "Free State Democratic paper." He has known the opposite ever since he has known us. He knows that we have eaten, slept, suffered (using the old saying) died together in the cause....Our paper, Mr. Herald, is a democratic paper and nothing else...but we wish to say now, and for all, that we do not intend anyone to call us "Free State," "Black Republican," or "Free-soil."...We are a pro-slavery man, ourself, but we intend to advocate, and sustain, no government that does not receive the sanction of the majority of the people, if they make Kansas a Slave State, and if otherwise we submit. But we shall labor assiduously for Kansas being a democratic state, against all factions and cliques. -- Geo. W. Purkins, editor.
If there be one proposition clearer than all others in the present state of political ferment in Kansas and the Union, it is that the salvation of the South in the Union depends upon the nationality of the Democratic party. Sectionalize that party, make it a northern or a southern party, and in less than five years the knell of this Union is sounded for the last time or, the south remaining in it, finds a consolidation upon a northern sectional basis, alike oppressive to her people and destructive to her interests....
We neglected last week to notice the advent, in our city, of the Daily Ledger, published by G. W. McLain. We wish it abundant success -- pecuniarily.
Influences of a Newspaper. A school teacher who has been engaged a long time in his profession, and witnessed the influence of a newspaper on the minds of a family of children, writes to the Ogdenburg Sentinel as follows: I have found it to be a universal fact, without exception, that those scholars of both sexes and all ages who have had access to newspapers at home, when compared to those who have not, are: 1) Better readers, excelling in pronunciation, and consequently read more understandingly. 2) They are better spellers and define words with more ease and accuracy. 3) They obtain a practical knowledge of geography in almost half thee time it requires others, as a newspaper has made them familiar with the locations of the most important places, nations, their governments, and doings on the globe. 4) They are better grammarians for having become so familiar with every variety in the newspaper from the commonplace advertisement to the finished and classical oration of statesmen, they more readily comprehend the meaning of their text and consequently analyze its construction with more rapidity.
"The least said soonest mended." Upon this principle we refrain from saying anything this week in regard to the "turn out" of a lot of boys on Monday last. We think that the Missourians who attempted to vote, as well as those who paraded the streets on that day armed with muskets, revolvers, &c., are or should be sufficiently ashamed of their acts without seeing them in print.
In order to preserve the peace of the city on the day of the election, a large and efficient body of troops were placed within call of the polls under the direction of the deputy marshal, Mr. Ashton. They were commanded by the experience officer and soldier, Col. John Munro....
Our city has been the theater of excitement and interest for the past few weeks. On Saturday evening of last week, the Free State party turned out to the number of about 400 and paraded the streets with transparent lights, bearing all manner of inscriptions, such as "Democratic Platform, Niggers and Whisky."...After marching through several of the principal streets, they brought up in front of the Planters Hotel, gave three swinish groans for Gen. Calhoun, three cheers for the murderer of Lyle, &c. Such demonstrations, we think are illy calculated to preserve peace and quiet....
Geo. W. Purkins, editor.
*Notwithstanding there has been many outrages committed within our Territory by the ultra men of both parties, the Senate of the United States in its recent adoption of the Lecompton Constitution has not only committed a greater outrage upon her citizens, as a free and independent people, but they have, in addition to this, violated the great fundamental principle of the Democratic party....the right to govern and make laws for themselves; to form such a constitution as they deem best adapted to their peace and welfare, and to form such institutions as would best prove conducive to their interest. Yet the Senate of the United States has said these rights and these privileges we no longer shall enjoy....
The Western Argus is the title of a paper started at Wyandott, K.T. It is an out-and-out administration paper -- swallows Lecompton, niggers and all. Pecuniarily we wish it success, but d--n its Lecompton principles.
The Western Argus is the title of a paper started at Wyandott, K.T. It is an out-and-out administration paper ? swallows Lecompton, niggers, and all. Pecuniarily we wish it success, but d?n its Lecompton principles.
Vol. 2, No. 38. By McLaughlin & Hutchison.
"The Journal. This sheet comes out under new auspices. It hoists the name of Douglas for the Presidency in 1860. We are not prepared to go this....Who edits the Journal we are not informed, but under the management of McLaughlin & Hutchison it presents a fine typographical appearance and reflects credit upon their taste and skill." -- Daily Times.
We are much obliged to the Times for its friendly notice, and...will say that we manage to do our own scribbling, the editors names being McLaughlin & Hutchison, and they alone are responsible for all that may appear in the columns of the Journal.
Published every Thursday morning, corner of Main and Delaware streets, by Hutchison & Campbell.
Gold! Gold! The gold excitement is on the increase. Every gale that sweeps down from the West brings to our ears tidings of gold, gold. Quite a number of our citizens are now making active preparations for the mines. All doubt has vanished and the existence of large deposits of the precious ore in the western part of the Territory is regarded as a fixed and certain fact. There is considerable discussion in regard to the best route. All concur that Fort Riley is the point of departure. From there, two routes diverge: one along the Smoky Hill Fork to Bent's Fort, and the other up the valley of the Republican. The government road, which is now being worked up the Republican, offers an easy and pleasant route. The headwaters of the Republican are only about 80 miles from Pike's Peak, and but a very short distance from Cherry Creek, where the richest deposits thus far have been found. This road too will afford abundance of wood, water and forage the entire distance....At the ordinary rate of emigrant travel, it will take about 30 days to make the trip out, although it can be done, so say our mountaineers, in about half that time....