First and Only Paper in Flourishing Territory 1854

First Press in the Kansas Territory 1854

The Press in Kansas; Towns Springing Up 1854

Herald of Freedom Founded in Lawrence 1855

Vol. 1, No. 31. J. Speer & W. W. Ross, editors.: * 1855

Lincoln in Kansas! His first speech! 1859

From the State Capital....Sol Miller is a "brick." 1862

The Press of Kansas. We believe the following to b 1862

We have neglected to notice the Fort Scott Monitor 1863

*The fight between Ewing and Anthony is still wagi 1863

*Additional News from Lawrence! Terrible Scenes!.. 1863

*The Raid on Lawrence! Particulars and Incidents!. 1863

*It will be remembered that John Speer of the Lawr 1864

Vol. 1, No. 1. M. M. Murdock, editor and proprieto 1872

Modern Improved Methods of Printing 1900

Olathe Mirror

Articles in database from Olathe Mirror:    28

Vol. 1, No. 2. Published weekly every Thursday mor ...
May 16, 1861, Olathe Mirror (ID 3915)

Vol. 1, No. 2. Published weekly every Thursday morning by John Francis. One copy, one year, $2.


It is a source of great gratification to us to kno ...
May 23, 1861, Olathe Mirror (ID 3920)

It is a source of great gratification to us to know that the Mirror is received with so much favor by the people. Last Monday, we added nearly 20 names to our subscription list. The Republicans of this county are of the working kind, and what they do they do well....Johnson County can boast of some "glorious Republicans." They are all putting their shoulders to the wheel and working faithfully to extend the circulation of our paper.


The Kansas City Daily Star, alias Evening Star, al ...
May 30, 1861, Olathe Mirror (ID 3924)

The Kansas City Daily Star, alias Evening Star, alias Morning Star, under the leadership of Col. McCarty, has gone "up." Reason: want of readers.

The Kansas City Journal of Commerce has been revived. It is a staunch Union paper and cannot fail to benefit Kansas City.


We understand that Mr. Giffin is about to suspend ...
June 31, 1861, Olathe Mirror (ID 3949)

We understand that Mr. Giffin is about to suspend the publication of the Herald. During the time he has had charge of it, he has without doubt issued more "extras" than any other man ever did in the same length of time. We have now several specimens of his extras, which we intend to forward to the Lawrence Historical Society for preservation. They are rare specimens of workmanship and, in future years, will be a great curiosity to the young. It is said to be a potent instrument, never failing of converting abolitionists into good democrats. For the six weeks we have been here, it has been "Extra," "Herald Extra," with about as much reading matter in each one as could be confined in the skull of a flea. A portion of the Democratic party, however, worship it....


Notwithstanding the hardness of the times, our sub ...
July 25, 1861, Olathe Mirror (ID 3956)

Notwithstanding the hardness of the times, our subscription list is rapidly increasing. Johnson County can boast of a large number of intelligent people who see the necessity of having a county paper, and who are willing to extend to it a helping hand....


*Two companies have been organized in Lawrence for ...
August 8, 1861, Olathe Mirror (ID 3959)

*Two companies have been organized in Lawrence for home protection, named respectively "Tall" men and "Short" men. Our brother editors, Trask and Lowman, are captains.


The Council Grove Press, in its issue of the 27th, ...
August 15, 1861, Olathe Mirror (ID 3966)

The Council Grove Press, in its issue of the 27th, announces that its publication will be suspended for two months.


While newspapers in Kansas are going down nearly e ...
August 20, 1861, Olathe Mirror (ID 3969)

While newspapers in Kansas are going down nearly every week to "whence bourne, &c.," it is our determination to make the Mirror weather the hard times. During the past six months, no less than six newspapers in Kansas have suspended publication and others, that have been in existence since the first settlements here and apparently were placed in a position that hard times could not reach, complain that they can hardly raise money enough to pay for paper, let alone paying for help, etc. It is not the want of subscribers to the county papers of Kansas that ruins them, but that class of blood-suckers or drones in society who never pay their subscriptions, which make a constant drain on the income of an office in order to buy paper....We regard every one of our delinquent subscribers as honest men; and that is the very reason we have been sending them a paper for the last four months, contrary to the rules and regulations of our office, expecting that they would immediately after harvest raise the amount due us.


A Novel Engine. The Lawrence Journal says: "We are ...
October 10, 1861, Olathe Mirror (ID 3992)

A Novel Engine. The Lawrence Journal says: "We are running our power press with a portable engine recently manufactured at this place expressly for us by Kimball Bros. It is certainly a model of mechanical workmanship. The boiler is vertical, and the cylinder and shafting attached to it in a compact and permanent manner. The boiler is 4 feet high by 32 inches in diameter. The cylinder is 4 inches, with a 10-inch stroke. The power is at least three horse. Four bushels of good coal will run it all day. Why is not this an economical power for farmers? It is cheaper than two span of good horses....


We want our friends to use their influence to incr ...
October 24, 1861, Olathe Mirror (ID 3998)

We want our friends to use their influence to increase the circulation of the Mirror. Hand this paper to your neighbor. Tell him that it is a Republican paper and don't forget to add "it is the best paper in Kansas." The state news department is well worth the price of subscription. Then there is the miscellaneous department which always contains something suitable for all classes. We call upon every man in the county to subscribe for it. If you are a Democrat, you want to know how we abuse your party, what we have to say in reference to your officers ? nothing good, of course. Every Democrat in the county should read it regularly, say for six months. Then if he don't conclude that he is the worst abused man in the whole country, just continue to read it year after year....If you are a Republican, and desire to know what is going on in the party, just subscribe for the Mirror. Be careful to pay for it at the same time and, when that is done, try to induce your neighbor to do likewise....In case he was born in Missouri, where corn dodgers are the principal articles of diet, and where it is bad luck to the man who knows how to read, you will have a difficult task to accomplish....


We publish an article on the outside of our paper ...
December 26, 1861, Olathe Mirror (ID 4019)

We publish an article on the outside of our paper in reference to the Lawrence frauds. Perhaps there is no man in Kansas that has been so abusive of Governor Robinson as Mr. Speer of the Lawrence Republican, and the friends of Governor Robinson in Lawrence will do all they can to keep him out of the senate. We have often regretted to see the course of the Republican in reference to the governor of Kansas, doing all it can to injure his reputation and perplex his administration. Yet, if Mr. Speer was defeated by illegal voting, we would like to see the matter fully sifted and, if he received a majority of the legal votes cast, he should have his seat in the senate.


The past year has been an uncommon severe one on t ...
January 9, 1862, Olathe Mirror (ID 4027)

The past year has been an uncommon severe one on the newspapers of Kansas. The Elwood Free Press, once larger than the Mirror, has gone down. The Fort Scott Democrat, once the same size of our paper, but towards the last of its existence dwindled down to a size that was almost imperceptible, has also disappeared to rise no more. The Leavenworth Herald, eight months ago the largest paper in Kansas, is no longer reckoned among the living. The Brown County Union ? the White Cloud Chief says it is so small that it can hardly be seen. The Wyandott Gazette has been diminished in size; so has the Emporia News, published at the thriving town of Emporia. The Council Grove Press is also added to the list of defunct newspapers in Kansas. There are more that we could enumerate that are in a tottering condition. The times are hard and no indications being better soon; yet we do not propose to diminish the size of our paper or suspend its publication, though we shall be compelled to do it if we continue to supply such a large number of delinquent subscribers. We wish to assure our readers, paper costs the cash. Many of our subscribers in this county have received our paper regularly for the past eight months, promising to pay immediately after harvest, but have failed to do so. No country paper can live long under such a burden. If you can't pay the cash, bring us corn, wheat, or meat ? but by all means pay. Editors eat, especially the editor of the Mirror....

We throw out several legal notices this week that have been sent to us by different attorneys, it being one week before the regular time of publication expires. We wrote to the parties respecting the printer's fee and they treated us with silent contempt. After a series of interesting experiments, we have come to the conclusion that we cannot work for nothing and board ourselves. We shall require the cash in advance, hereafter, for legal notices.


"Wm. H. Adams announces his withdrawal from the At ...
January 23, 1862, Olathe Mirror (ID 4034)

"Wm. H. Adams announces his withdrawal from the Atchison Union in the last number of that paper. A. P. Cochran will hereafter publish it. Mr. Adams will come to this city and start a Democratic newspaper." ? Leavenworth Times.


"We regret to learn that the office of the Brown C ...
January 30, 1862, Olathe Mirror (ID 4036)

"We regret to learn that the office of the Brown County Union has been destroyed by fire, but hope that our friend Parker will be able to start again soon, as Brown County ought not to be without a paper." ? White Cloud Chief.


Owing to the impossibility of procuring paper at t ...
February 13, 1862, Olathe Mirror (ID 4040)

Owing to the impossibility of procuring paper at the present time, we shall be obliged to issue a half sheet for a few weeks. We shall, however, be able to give our readers nearly the same amount of reading we have usually done...by leaving out all advertisements we are not necessarily compelled to publish.


*Quantrill's band murdered four men in Aubry, drov ...
March 20, 1862, Olathe Mirror (ID 4055)

*Quantrill's band murdered four men in Aubry, drove off horses and destroyed private property. A detachment of Captain Greelish's company was attacked by him, but finally defeated with the loss of two men killed. When Gardner was attacked and pillaged, the commander of the Department of Kansas sent a company of men there to protect it; when Aubry was attacked by Quantrill, four of its citizens murdered and a large quantity of private property destroyed, the commander of the Department of Kansas sent a company of men there to protect the smoldering ruins of the town.

The commander of the Department of Kansas must be a "Bully Commander." We will receive protection here after Quantrill pays us a visit and kills about 20 men. Then this "Bully Commander" of the Department of Kansas will send us a body of men for our protection. This has been his policy. Will this continue to be his policy? All that we have ever said in favor of the man who controls the military affairs of this state, we take back....Had Lane been in command of this department, we would have received proper protection. He don't believe in sending men to watch over dead bodies and burned towns.

When Lane pursues a policy that suits us, we are a Lane man; when he pursues a policy that don't suit us, we are anti-Lane, and we shall express our likes and dislikes of his course in the future just as plainly as we have in the past. When we say that he is the man to conduct the military affairs of this department, we express the wishes of nine-tenths of the people of Kansas.

It is said now that we have no Department of Kansas. Hunter and Lane got into difficulty and President Lincoln, in order to settle the matter, put this department under the command of Halleck....

We should have 6,000 cavalry scattered along the border counties during the war. By scouting, not only in Kansas but Missouri, all marauding parties could be easily detected and thereby Kansas can be saved from molestation.

...Give us a live man to take charge of Kansas ? give us a man who relies on common sense and who rather protect the living than the dead. The interests of the border counties have been neglected long enough. Neglect them much longer and the prayers of every man, woman and child in the same will rise "high and dry" on the breeze, asking God to curse the man who controls the military operations of our state....

*"UNITED we stand, divided we fall." Shall we not have some system of action here by which we can defend our homes and firesides. There are enough men here to defend this town from the attacks of any guerrilla party that Missouri can send forth, providing we have some system of action. Heretofore, difficulties have arisen in the organization. Too many wanted to be captains. For one, we have no higher aspiration than to be a private in the defense of Olathe....

*Our Southeastern Border. "Considerable anxiety is felt, and not without apparent cause, along our southeastern border since the withdrawal of the troops for concentration at Fort Scott. Organized guerrilla bands from Missouri are represented as watching every movement of the federal forces, ready to make descent upon any unprotected portion of our state to commit depredations upon the lives and property of our citizens. In view of this state of affairs, Abram Ellis was deputated to wait upon the military authorities at the Fort to represent the emergencies of the case, and ask such protection as may be necessary. Mr. Ellis fulfilled his mission yesterday and expresses himself satisfied that Gen. Hunter will take all measures essential to the security of the people of the border. We understand that orders have already been sent to General Deitzler in regard to the matter; and with the force at his command as provost marshal general of the state, Col. Graham will, no doubt, afford ample protection to life and property in the border counties." ? Leavenworth Times.


*When we first received the Leavenworth Inquirer, ...
April 24, 1862, Olathe Mirror (ID 4066)

*When we first received the Leavenworth Inquirer, we could detect no secessionism in it. Now the case is different. We believe the Times is right in accusing it of secession proclivities. Its constant opposition to the present administration can mean nothing else but treason of the darkest and most damning kind. Web of the Conservative was right when he called its editor a traitor.


John Francis, editor. Volume 2, Number 17.: *Anoth ...
October 25, 1862, Olathe Mirror (ID 4216)

John Francis, editor. Volume 2, Number 17.

*Another Murderous Raid. On Friday night of last week, the large hotel in Shawnee owned by Mr. Riggins, and some 12 or 13 other buildings were burned by a gang of rebel bushwhackers, supposed to be some of Quantrell's men, but led on this occasion by a worse devil yet than he is by the name of Scott. They also murdered two citizens named Baker and Styles. They also killed a man by the name of Jacob Bertram about 5 miles from Shawnee on Indian Creek, and...James Warfield, who lived about 5 or 6 miles this side of Olathe. Near Mr. Warfield's house at a spring where three men named Crosley, Clarkson and Ryan were camped for the night, they murdered Mr. Crosley, shot Mr. Clarkson and left him for dead, and destroyed what they could not carry away of the groceries, &c., with which their wagons were loaded. We also hear that they carried off what they could conveniently take on their horses from Shawnee.

They came across Sheriff Janes of Olathe on the road not far from the spring where they murdered Crosley, and ordered him to halt, but the sheriff, not thinking that advisable, put spurs to his horse and went into Olathe on the double quick. The "ghorillas" fired several shots after him and followed him about 2 miles, when they gave up the chase. Mr. James got off without a scratch, the ball that hurried his time...passing through the top of his hat.

Since the above was put in type, we have seen Mrs. Styles, the widow of one of the murdered at Shawnee....Mrs. Styles assures us that Quantrell was at Shawnee and the leader of the murdering gang. She says her husband was shot by George Todd of Kansas City, and that he afterward told her that her life would be spared if she would go to Kansas City and tell them that he had killed two of their citizens within a week. Before Todd shot Mr. Styles, someone...asked him his politics and he replied that he was a Union man. He had no sooner made that reply than Todd shot him through the head, killing him instantly, and Palmer, an old resident of Shawnee and a neighbor of Mr. Styles, placed the muzzle of his gun or pistol to the dead man's mouth and shot him again. One of the men...charged Mrs. Styles with being a spy for Jennison and threatened to kill her, but Quantrell interfered and said she was not the woman, and told him to shut his mouth or he would shoot him. They set Mr. Styles' house on fire, but Mrs. Styles and her adopted daughters (some four or five orphan children that Mr. Styles had taken to bring up) succeeded in extinguishing the flames.


On July 11th, Editor Francis explained why he hadn ...
July 11, 1863, Olathe Mirror (ID 4364)

On July 11th, Editor Francis explained why he hadn't revived the Olathe Mirror in full. "During the past two years, we have been promised protection by our governors, generals and senators," he wrote. Notwithstanding that fact, every town in our county has been sacked from one to three times. Last spring, believing we would have the protection we had so long sought, we made arrangements to revive our paper in its old shape. But the protection we anticipated did not come, and we have come to the conclusion not to start out anew until we can see fair indications of the end of our troubles, when our paper will be revived on a permanent basis, and not subject to such changes in its size and quantity of reading matter as our readers now witness. We have given it a circulation of 500 in order to accommodate the business of the county and merchants who wish to advertise. We shall make the Mirror, after the war, what it was before ? the largest and best paper in the state.


The Mirror is published every Saturday morning at ...
January 16, 1864, Olathe Mirror (ID 4512)

The Mirror is published every Saturday morning at Olathe, Kansas. S. E. McKee, editor and proprietor. Terms: Single copy, one year, $1.


(Poem) I Wish I Was an Editor: I wish I was an edi ...
May 7, 1864, Olathe Mirror (ID 4564)

(Poem) I Wish I Was an Editor

I wish I was an editor, I really do indeed; It seems to me that editors, Get everything they need. They get the biggest and the best, Of everything that grows, And get in free to circuses, And other kind of shows.

When a mammoth cheese is cut, They always get a slice, For saying Mrs. Smith knows how, To make it very nice. The largest pumpkin, the longest beet, And other garden stuff, Are blown into the sanctum by, An editorial puff.

The biggest bug will speak to them, No matter how they dress. A shabby coat is nothing if, You own a printing press. At the ladies' fairs they are almost hugged, By pretty girls, you know, That they will crack up everything, The ladies have to show.

And thus they get a blowout free, At every party feed; The reason is because they write, And other people read.

*The Border. We have lately been examining the location of the different bodies of troops in Johnson County and find that they are distributed in such a manner as to guard well the entire line and at the same time be able to aid each other in case of an attack. Lieut. Col. Hoyt, commander of this sub-district, deserves the entire praise and honor of placing his men in such positions as to be of service in protecting the eastern line of the county....Heretofore, whenever we had a commander that would use his forces for the protection of the border and do his best to ensure safety to our citizens, he would unceremoniously be sent off to some unimportant point, and thereby leave us to protect ourselves....Already we hear rumors afloat that the troops of this county are about to be sent off south and nothing is said about their places being supplied with other soldiers and other officers.

It would be well for the citizens of this county to be prepared to leave their homes and to abandon their farms at any time, because so long as changes are made in commanders every few days we shall have no permanent protection. We wish the department commander could see this thing in its true light and retain the colonel in command of Johnson County the coming season....Johnson County has furnished over 1,200 Federal soldiers for the war, but that is no reason why the wives, widows and families of the same should be protected. Of course not....


S. S. Prouty, formerly connected with the Neosho V ...
September 24, 1864, Olathe Mirror (ID 4648)

S. S. Prouty, formerly connected with the Neosho Valley Register, has started a paper at Burlington, Coffey County, called the Enterprise.


Our readers have no doubt thought for the past two ...
February 4, 1865, Olathe Mirror (ID 489)

Our readers have no doubt thought for the past two months that we were very neglectful of our local affairs, and we believe that an apology is due them for our shortcomings. We have been without help of any kind for over two months and have been obliged to publish, edit, set type and play devil generally, "unassisted," in getting out our regular issue, thereby depriving us of that leisure necessary in looking after local items. We have been promised the assistance of a couple of young typos and we feel at liberty to announce to our patrons that in the future we will endeavor to devote more of our space to the local interests of Johnson County.


Destructive Tornado. About 6 o'clock last Wednesda ...
May 27, 1865, Olathe Mirror (ID 510)

Destructive Tornado. About 6 o'clock last Wednesday evening, this neighborhood was visited by a terrific storm of wind, rain and hail, accompanied by vivid flashes of lightning, which caused the destruction of thousands of dollars worth of property. To particularize those who suffered the loss of property would fill several columns of our paper....

T. Dwight Thacher has disposed of the Kansas City Journal of Commerce, VanHorn & Halowell being the purchasers. Mr. VanHorn was the original proprietor and founder of the Journal, and to his untiring efforts the citizens of Kansas City owe their past and present prosperity; he is a live, wide-awake editor and has done more for Kansas City than any other man in the place. Mr. Halowell is a newcomer but is reported to be an old hand in the newspaper business.


S. E. McKee, editor: After an absence of four week ...
June 29, 1865, Olathe Mirror (ID 528)

S. E. McKee, editor

After an absence of four weeks, the Mirror again makes its appearance. We have so far recovered from the effects of the late storm as to be enabled to promise our readers that we will be prompt and regular in issuing our paper in the future.

*That we have been unfortunate in our endeavors to "maintain the supremacy of the press," no one acquainted with the facts can deny. Early in the fall of '61 (actually 1862), Quantrell and his band of cutthroats visited Olathe and among the first objects upon which they laid violent hands was the Mirror office; our press was upset, forms pied, and our type and office furniture scattered over the streets.

After recovering from that misfortune, affairs on the border grew from bad to worse until it became impossible for us to secure help of any kind, either for love or money, and we were compelled to do all our own work, being thus forced to neglect the editorial department of our paper.

As the rebellion began to wane, our prospects began to brighten and we were led to believe that our troubles were about over. When, lo and behold, the elements seemed to conspire against us and we were very unceremoniously set out of doors, with our building destroyed and our printing material again scattered....


S. E. McKee, editor: *Peace on the Border. During ...
July 7, 1865, Olathe Mirror (ID 529)

S. E. McKee, editor

*Peace on the Border. During the past four years and upwards, there has been carried on along the borders of Kansas and Missouri the most alarming, if not the most destructive, guerrilla warfare known to modern history. Death and destruction have been its only elements on either side....

On the Kansas side of the line it has been one constant state of alarm from the known savage barbarity of the guerrillas, as has been exhibited in their but too frequent raids on our small towns, and even larger ones, as for instance Shawnee, Gardner and Olathe, with the hideous massacre at Lawrence.

On the Missouri side, utter and unavoidable death to those found engaged under arms, if caught, and destruction to their property and that of those who sympathized with them has been the only motto.

Through fear, the inhabitants of our immediate border towns and country have either moved off or refrained from making any improvements or even taking care of what they had, deeming the insecurity so great. The result is the towns, especially, have assumed a most vacant and dilapidated appearance, the weeds growing up in the streets, even outranking those of the wild prairie....

On the Missouri side of the line, where once the country through its inherent wealth was dotted over with nice cottages and fine farm houses, where everything was happy and all prosperous, scarcely anything marks the "ancient habitations" of man except the lone and blackened chimneys of former buildings, standing boldly out, the mournful representatives of devastating war; and nothing marks the former cultivation of the land, except here and there, but the remains of old fences, dismal fields of weeds and frightful reptiles.

But couple all this with the frightful spirit of hate and revenge with which the one hunted and pursued the other, both day and night, resulting in the most fearful loss of life and breaking up of family ties, and we have the most alarming picture of war that can be painted, and all this has been endured for four years.

But now, as if from a stroke of the mighty arm of Omnipotence, the great slaveholder's rebellion is suddenly crushed, and peace stepping in extends her magic wand over the entire land and proclaims "peace be still;" the din of battle of a few weeks ago is quickly hushed, and war has betaken itself to the quiet pages of history; it is time to think no more of the troubles of war, but prepare at once to enter into the march and improvements of peace.

Let every loyal man then (for Kansas desires no other), who has been obliged, through fear, to quit his home, return immediately without fear of molestation and proceed at once to reopen his farm, rebuilding that which in any manner has been destroyed, and that with a view of not being again troubled. For now almost all of the guerrillas, who have so long infested the border and who have been such a constant terror, have laid down their arms and surrendered to the United States authorities. Indeed, so nearly have they laid down their arms and so well is the work yet progressing that it would be almost impossible to ever anticipate another raid by them, or molestation in any form.

The evening of the 31st of January last, when Dan Vaughn burned a part of Aubrey, is likely to remain the last invasion of Kansas by any rebels in arms against the government of the United States.

It behooves, then, the inhabitants of this, the richest portion of the American continent,...to go to work in earnest. Invite and take every means to secure immigration. Start our schools with renewed vigor; refit our churches which have so long been used as barracks and hospitals and turn them to their legitimate use; open up highways and build railroads....

Start business and trade of every kind; in short, let the man who prefers the occupation of farming, the mechanic who wishes to apply his trade, the school teacher who desires to teach the young idea..., the merchant, the manufacturer, the public spirited man, all awake from the lethargic slumber into which they have been plunged so long and pursue an energetic course. ? W.


Origin of the Printer's Devil: Having been asked b ...
September 8, 1865, Olathe Mirror (ID 543)

Origin of the Printer's Devil

Having been asked by many of our subscribers how the term "printer's devil" originated,...we answer:

When Aldus Manutius was set up in business as a printer at Venice, he came in possession of a little negro boy. This boy was known over the city as the little black devil, who assisted the biblio-factor; and some of the ignorant persons believed him to be none other than the embodiment of Satan, who helped Aldus in the prosecution of his profession. One day, Manutius, desiring to dispel this strange hallucination by publicity, displayed the young imp to the poorer classes. Upon this occasion he made this short but characteristic speech: "Be it known to Venice that I, Aldus Manutius, printer to the Holy Church and Dodge, have thus made public exposure of the printer's devil. All those who think he is not flesh and blood may come and pinch him."


The Topeka Weekly Leader is the name of a new pape ...
December 21, 1865, Olathe Mirror (ID 580)

The Topeka Weekly Leader is the name of a new paper recently established at the state capital by Cummings & Burlingame. It is a large eight column paper, is edited with ability, and presents mechanically a very creditable appearance. Both of these gentlemen have heretofore been connected with the newspaper business in Kansas.

Our invariable rule is to stop all papers as soon as the time is up for which they have been paid and, in order that each one may know when their time is up, we will place a cross (X) upon their papers....The prepaying system is the best one for both publisher and subscriber.