Western Home Journal
Articles in database from Western Home Journal: 27
We send this number of our weekly to every subscriber of the late weekly State Journal, Republican, and Home Journal....We believe a more interesting or valuable paper has rarely been issued from the Kansas press.
Introductory -- At the time appointed...the weekly Western Home Journal presents itself to the favorable regard of the Kansas reading public....We aspire to lead, educate, direct, and help the thoughts of the community toward just and worthy results....
Published every Thursday morning. Terms $2 per annum in advance. Address all orders to the Journal Company, Lawrence, Kansas. I. S. Kalloch, T. D. Thacher, M. W. Reynolds, editors and publishers.
"We have heretofore announced that the Lawrence Republican, Lawrence Journal, and Ottawa Home Journal were to be consolidated. The consolidation has taken place and the Daily Republican Journal has greeted us every morning for several days past. The weekly retains the name of Mr. Kalloch's former paper, the Western Home Journal. With the combined talent of three such editors as Kalloch, Thacher and Reynolds,...the Republican Daily Journal and the Weekly Home Journal are live, well edited papers...." -- Emporia News.
Mr. Martin's Address -- John A. Martin, editor of the Champion and Press, delivered an address before the editors and publishers convention at Topeka last January, which...has been published....We have rarely, if ever, seen a better, and...we invite attention to the following selections from it.
The growth of the press -- Wonderful as has been the growth and development of our country, it has not been more rapid or marvelous than that of the press. If any one of the 37 editors who, during the days of the Revolution, printed a few hundred papers a week, could revisit the earth, he would be appalled at the gigantic business that has sprung out of his pioneer efforts. From 37 the number of newspapers has increased to nearly four thousand, of which about one-fourth are dailies....In the place of the rude, clumsy, and slow moving hand press, on which only a few hundred sheets per day could be printed, machines whose mechanism is as perfect and beautiful as it is complicated and strong, seize upon the white sheets of paper with their steel fingers, whirl them over the type with lightning speed, and pile up printed papers at the rate of thousands per hour.
Power of the press -- The newspaper of today is as much superior to that of 96 years ago as the locomotive is an improvement on the stagecoach. Every science and every art has been enlisted in its service; all learning is subsidized to furnish food for its insatiable appetite; it is the representative of every industry, the voice of every profession, and the controlling power in every government....
Responsibility of the press -- Every intelligent editor appreciates his influence but he appreciates also his responsibility. He knows that, while his paper may be an authority for those around him, it will only be so while he proves his title to the confidence of the people by using his opportunities carefully, sensibly and honestly; by advocating humane principles and just measures; and by being the reflex of correct information and intelligent thought....
Abuses of the press -- I do not forget that many glaring faults exist; that many shameful abuses cry loudly for reform; and that the great power of this mighty engine is often perverted to serve the most noxious purposes, and used to ridicule the most valuable truths, to deride the most generous sentiments, to blacken the purest reputations, and elevate to place and dignity the meanest and smallest of men, they defend the foulest of causes, to crush the most august institutions, and to exalt the most despicable and destructive polity.
Venality of the press -- There are newspapers that, like corporations, have no souls....They play the part of scullion and scavenger for every demagogue who will take them in pay....A newspaper must represent the dignity and grandeur of independent thought, or it will fail to touch the popular heart, and lose at once its power and usefulness.
Requisites of the press -- The essential requisites to a successful editor are tact and judgment; clear, quick, instinctive appreciation of the influences which mold public opinion; and intuitive and correct estimation of the tastes, opinions and wants of the hour; a versatility of knowledge and acquaintance with passing events that can be acquired only after years of practice and study in the sanctum; courage that is proof alike against public clamor and personal obloquy; patience that can wait long for the whirligig of time to set things right; hopeful confidence that meets even distaste with daring and decisive measures; moderation to restrain from excess even in hours of triumph; and ardent devotion to the public welfare.
Quarrelsomeness of the press -- Another disgraceful tendency of journalists is their disposition to quarrel with each other....Every public man's acts and opinions with reference to questions of public policy are the proper subjects of newspaper discussion and criticism. These can be discussed and criticized, even with severity, without violating the amenities of debate or the rules of decency.
Glory of the press -- In conclusion, we cannot too highly estimate the responsibilities of our position, and the exalted dignity it confers upon those who strive to fulfill them....We can be the heralds and promoters of a better, braver and nobler era.
Associated Press meeting -- Some of the most prominent and plethoric men of the state met at Leavenworth on Wednesday. Of their proceedings the Conservative says:
"...Those who took part in the deliberations were: A. H. Hallowell, St. Joseph Herald; Walter S. Swanton, St. Joseph Union; John A. Martin, Atchison Champion and Press; J. D. Williams, Kansas City Bulletin; T. D. Thacher, Lawrence Republican Journal; F. P. Baker, Topeka State Record; G. F. Prescott, Leavenworth Commercial; W. S. Burke, Leavenworth Bulletin; Jos. S. Clarke, Leavenworth Call; Wilder & Sleeper, Leavenworth Times and Conservative.
"...Mr. Martin was made a director instead of Mr. Root, who is no longer a publisher. It was voted to admit the Fort Scott Monitor and Fort Scott Post to the association....The admission of the Topeka Commonwealth was left with Mr. Baker...."
The murder of Colonel Wilder, editor of the Kansas City Journal, on Wednesday, 9th inst., was one of the most cold-blooded and brutal tragedies that has occurred on the border, or elsewhere, for many a day. The high social, business, and political position occupied by Colonel Wilder in the community, and the cowardly and entirely inexcusable and causeless attack made upon him by his murderer, add poignancy to the grief all will feel in western Missouri and Kansas at his loss. It appears that the brute, Hutchinson, had circulated slanderous statements relative to the daughter of Judge Stevens, the affianced of Colonel Wilder, and that the slanderer had been cowhided by a brother of the young lady. The murderer had charged up his cowhiding account to the Colonel, and he had sworn to shoot him on sight, though the fact seems to be that he was entirely innocent of meting out the punishment the scandal-monger had so meritoriously received....
Editorial excursion. Kansas editors in the mountains. -- The long-talked-of, long-to-be-remembered, and much-to-be-written-of Kansas editorial excursion to Denver and the mountains is fait accompli....We went, we saw, and were conquered by the grandeur of the scenery lying within 32 hours' ride in Pullman's palace cars of a large portion of the people of Kansas -- a state that six years ago had not a mile of equipped and completed railway within its borders....
The compressive power of steam and the inventive genius of mechanical industry...have annihilated space and turned a wearisome trip of months into a continuous pleasure excursion of as many days....At Denver I conversed with a gentleman who had made 44 trips on horseback across the plains, in the conduct of freight trains. He now makes the trip in 30 hours in a silver palace car.
..The party left...on Tuesday, the 18th of October, with the intention of spending a week or ten days away from the treadmill routine duty of editorial life....The Kansas Pacific Railway Company...have for some time contemplated tendering an excursion upon the completion and equipment of their road to Denver. Three Pullman sleeping cars and two day reclining cars were placed at their disposal.
...The party numbered about 70, nearly 45 gentlemen and 25 ladies. All the daily papers were represented, and a large proportion of the weeklies. Father Weaver of the Medina New Era and his venerable companion, 57 years of age, seemed to enjoy the trip hugely.
...Large herds of antelope were constantly in sight of the excursionists during a large portion of the trip out, and upon the return; while those who had never seen buffalo before had the pleasure of witnessing the graceful gallop of these behemoths of the plain....From Ellsworth to Sheridan, the plains; from Sheridan to within 60 miles of the Rocky Mountain range, the desert.
...At a meeting of the excursionists, held upon the Pullman car "Pawnee" upon their return, the following proceedings were had:
M. W. Reynolds of the Lawrence Journal was elected chairman of the meeting, and G. S. Weaver of the Medina New Era secretary. On motion of Col. R. T. Van Horn, M.C., of the Kansas City Journal of Commerce, the following committee on resolutions was appointed by the chair: Col. R. T. Van Horn, Kansas City Journal of Commerce; O. H. Gregg, Lawrence Tribune; G. H. Prescott, Leavenworth Commercial; Col. John A. Martin, Atchison Champion; and M. M. Murdock, Osage Chronicle, who reported as follows:
"The Kansas Pacific Railway Company having tendered to the editors...an invitation to visit Denver and the mountains, the party, on their return, having enjoyed the hospitality of the railway company for over one week, give expression of their acknowledgements as follows: 1) That our thanks are due the officers of the Kansas Pacific..., 2) That our trip has been one of unalloyed pleasure..., 3) That we have received uniform courtesy, kindness, and the politest attention from all the officers of the road..., 4) That we shall ever hold in grateful remembrance the authorities and citizens of the town of Salina,...and to Mayor Stiles of Denver and other towns visited by us..., 5) Returning from our trip of 700 miles across the as yet unreclaimed plains, and to the rich mining districts of Colorado, we desire to call public attention to the great national work in which the Kansas Pacific Railway Company are engaged.... -- M. W. R.
My editorial and proprietorial connection with the Journal which, under one form of publication or another, has been held for nearly six years, ceases with this issue. As I was possessor of a one-half interest in the establishment, of course this step, though somewhat unexpected, is entirely voluntary....I have sold my interest to T. Dwight Thacher, a gentleman too long and favorably known in Kansas journalism to need any commendation from me.... -- I. S. Kalloch.
To our readers -- Having purchased the interest of my late partners, I shall, from this time, assume both the business and editorial control of the Journal....It is nearly 14 years since I wrote the first editorial that appeared in one of the papers which in our late consolidation was merged into the Republican State Journal....During the past two years, I have had but little to do directly with the editorial columns of the Journal; during the last year, almost nothing....Our friends will be glad to know that the Journal was never before on so sound a financial basis or doing so prosperous a business as at the present time.... -- T. Dwight Thacher.
The newspaper of today -- Under this head the Springfield Republican has the following altogether sensible remarks:
Just now the newspaper press is in a transition stage. The editors of strong individuality, like James G. Bennett and Horace Greeley, who have come down to us like vast boulders on the glaciers of time, stand solitary and alone, and belong to a different era from our own. The men who are now taking the lead, and who will succeed to their places, have more culture and cleverness, and are better trained than their predecessors, while they are no less earnest and animated by lofty aims. The Bohemian class has been eliminated, and however we may admire their brilliant talent, their fate was well deserved.
The representative editor is now a gentleman and a family man. He does not haunt saloons or indulge in dissipation. He pays his way, asks no favors, is not puffed up, neither does he puff up others; works regularly and not spasmodically, and has some idea of the dignity and responsibility, as well as the license, of his calling.
With this improved type of journalist has begun a new style of writing. Bombast, stilted rhetoric, alliteration and constant straining for effect are being replaced by simplicity and vigor of language, logic, genuine wit and humor and courtesy of tone. We hear less personal abuse, invective and malicious satire, and more sound reasoning in discussion.
The Leavenworth Times and Bulletin, which so recently...consolidated, have dissolved partnership -- Mr. Burke withdrawing in a very brief and curt note, announcing that he will immediately resume the publication of the Bulletin, while Col. D. R. Anthony assumes control of the Times....
The White Cloud Chief has celebrated its 14th birthday...by enlarging its dimensions, putting on a new dress, and improving itself generally....The Chief claims to be the oldest paper in the state. This may be true, but the Emporia News was started very nearly at the same time, and has been published continuously ever since. The Lawrence Republican was also started a little earlier than the News or the Chief, but its publication was interrupted for some time after the raid, and it has since been consolidated with the Journal. The Leavenworth Times also dates back to the same spring, but has also been consolidated. Mr. Miller is undoubtedly entitled to be called the "veteran editor" of Kansas. He is the only editor who has followed the business continuously, in Kansas, since 1857. Of all the men who were engaged in editorial labor in the spring of 1857 in our state, we believe that Mr. Miller and the editor of this paper are the only ones still in harness.
Fred Wendell, for the past 12 years business manager of the Atchison Champion, has received his material for the Daily Public Press, to be issued as an evening paper in Leavenworth....
Topeka -- John W. Wilson, who shot J. Clarke Swayze, of the Blade, on Tuesday evening, was arraigned today on a preliminary examination and admitted to bail in the sum of $12,000....Mr. Swayze was buried this afternoon. The excitement following the shooting has subsided....
Leavenworth -- A special to the Times says that there were 113 carriages, two express wagons and one omnibus in the funeral procession of Mr. Swayze. The procession was headed by the Topeka band....
The offensive article -- The following article appeared in Tuesday afternoon's Topeka Blade and was probably the occasion of the hostile and fatal meeting between Swayze and Wilson: A few circumstances. Old Baker has Bubby Wilson in his employ and defends him with his paper. Wilson is a gambler and a pimp. Some time ago he was arrested by the police in Belle Holmes house. Now old Baker relies on these two -- Belle Holmes and her pimp -- to help him defend himself against the character given him by the House of Representatives of the State of Kansas. The whole three together with their vehicle, the "organ," turn their wrath upon the Blade and its editor because it has been the means of fastening the lie upon the outfit, relative to "those resolutions." Cochran owned the house in which Belle Holmes carries on her traffic, previous to his announcement for marshal. Belle Holmes is in favor of Cochran for marshal, so is Baker, so is Wilson, so is Veale. A nice outfit truly to ask the countenance and support of the people!
The Daily Public Press...is the title of a new daily evening paper just started in Leavenworth by F. J. Wendell with H. B. Horn as editor....
R. B. Taylor, editor of the Wyandotte Gazette, died...Monday morning at his home in Wyandotte after an illness of 10 days. He was born at Buckland, Franklin County, Mass., on the 29th of March, 1822....At 21 years he removed to New York and was editor of the Elenville Journal a number of years....In 1858, he came to Wyandotte and has since resided here....For 18 years, his influence has gone out in a too thankless community in behalf of the sterling virtues....
What is the matter with Parsons? The Sun suspended a while ago because it could not live there, and now the Record has gone the same way....
The jury in the Wilson case at Topeka found a verdict of not guilty.
We have read carefully all the testimony, the judge's charge, and the arguments of the lawyers in the trial of Wilson for the shooting of Swayze, and our own judgment is that the verdict of acquittal by the jury was a just one. It was the testimony of a large number of as good men as there are in Topeka or Kansas -- such men as Judge McFarland -- that Swayze's reputation was that of a malicious, desperate, and dangerous man. It was shown that he habitually went armed; that he had drawn his revolver on parties previously; that on the occasion of his conflict with Wilson he drew his pistol and covered Wilson with it before Wilson had made the slightest hostile demonstration, except to cross the street and approach him; that he repulsed the interference of an officer of the law who attempted to keep the peace; and that he was in the act of advancing on Wilson when the simultaneous firing began; that he fired twice and attempted to fire the third time, one of his shots striking Wilson and wounding him in the cheek. The fact is, Swayze had so followed Wilson in his paper as to indicate a desire and an intention, if possible, to provoke him to a contest....We do not look upon this affair as relating to the just liberty of the press at all. Swayze made his paper a weapon for attacking his private enemies. His quarrel with Wilson was a private one. No public interest was involved in it....
The Winfield Courier comes to us this week with the announcement that E. C. Manning has retired, and that in future it will be published by the Courier Company. The Commonwealth says it is understood that Superintendent Lemon and his father-in-law, Mr. Millington, have bought the paper, and that the latter gentleman has editorial and business control.
The Chetopa Herald announces that it will suspend publication with the next issue. It is owned and edited by J. H. Hibbetts, member of the Legislature.
We present the Western Home Journal to its patrons this week in an enlarged form and printed throughout on new type. Each of its 48 columns has been lengthened two inches, and each is slightly wider than hitherto....It is also printed on a new Campbell Combination press....
We have received a copy of the Kansas Editors' Manual for 1877. It contains the proceedings of the annual meeting of the State Editorial and Publisher's Association, the constitution and by-laws of the association, the annual address delivered by Captain King, a sketch of the excursion to Colorado, also by Captain King, the sermon delivered at Manitou, Colo., by President Anderson of the Agricultural College, and a list of the newspapers and editors of Kansas. The typographical work is perfect, and the whole thing is worthy an honorable place among the archives.
The Ford County Globe is the name of a new paper just started at Dodge City by D. M. Frost and W. N. Morphy, the last-named gentleman being the editor.
Prentis is having great success with his lecture in all the larger towns in the state. Prouty in the Junction Union suggests...that Prentis could deliver it among the literati of Boston....
The Emporia News has completed its 20th volume. We well remember the appearance of the first number in 1857 -- P. B. Plumb, editor and proprietor -- a fresh, bright, newsy, radical Free-State paper. It has never lost the character impressed upon it in its early days....
The Pottawatomie Chief is the name of a new paper just started at St. Marys by H. G. Evans and H. C. Linn. It is a patent outside, but the inside is newsy and well gotten up.
Col. D. R. Anthony has been re-appointed postmaster at Leavenworth. The Colonel has bitter enemies, but we believe everybody concedes that he makes an excellent postmaster....
Duty on Type. We are in receipt of a blank petition from San Francisco, the sender of which asks our signature as a publisher. It prays Congress to suspend the duty on type. We want cheap type, of course, but not cheaper than the American type foundry men can afford to make it. Besides, we are in favor of protective tariff principles and laws. -- Wilson County Citizen.
We are in receipt of similar petitions, but we decline to sign them, for the reason given by the Citizen. The protection of American industries, the building up of American manufacturing establishments, is of far more importance to every American publisher than is the few cents difference in the price of a pound of type.... -- Atchison Champion.
The census of 1870 gives the total number of persons engaged in the manufacture of type as 649, while the number of those employed in printing, not including publishers, was 39,860; including publishers, the number was 41,437. The 41,437 people who are directly interested in having cheap type are taxed for the benefit of the 649 people who are interested in having dear type. In reality, the case is this, viz.: The whole body of the people, who are interested in printing that they may enjoy books, papers, etc., are taxed for the support of about a dozen type founders, many of whom are persons of great wealth and living in luxury....There is no branch of manufacturing industry in the country which, even from the protective standpoint, is more able to stand alone than that of type founding. It does not need protection. The tax which is imposed on the country in its behalf is a pure gratuity which goes into the pockets of men abundantly able to take care of themselves....
It is reported that W. T. Stewart, formerly of the Wathena Reporter, has purchased the Hiawatha Dispatch.
Jerry Clark, one of the pioneer printers of Kansas, died at Leavenworth last Sunday. Jerry built the first house in Leavenworth in 1851.
Colonel Veale has shown to the Commonwealth the first issue of the Quindaro Chindowan. His wife and Mrs. Gov. Robinson stood at the press when the first two numbers were worked off, and took them, and Mrs. Veale preserved her copy. It is a nice four-page paper, seven columns to the page and mostly reading matter....We remember the Chindowan well. It was one of the best of our early papers. Mr. Walden, its editor, exhibiting in its conduct those qualities which have since made him conspicuous in a wider field of effort.
Caxton's Cussedness -- Prentis in "A Kansan Abroad."
There was a wonderful array of old books, particularly those printed by Caxton himself. I looked even at the pages of the first book printed in England. I suppose I ought to have burst out in a torrent of eloquent eulogy on the "art preservative of arts," the palladium of liberty, etc., etc., etc., and have blessed the memory of William Caxton, but I did not. Seeing his work brought him very near to me. He looked at me, in fact, from the open pages of his book, with the same provokingly bland, innocent, benevolent expression he wears in Maclise's picture; it irritated me, and I felt as if, provided he could really "materialize," I would have addressed him thus:
"Mr. William Caxton, you were originally a mercer, and you were also an ambassador, and one with just the statutory amount of common sense would suppose that that was a sufficiently fat take for you, but you must needs go into the printing business. Now, then, what for? You say that the Duchess of Burgundy wanted you to print the `Recueil of the History of Troye,' and you did it; yes, and Eve wanted Adam to eat the apple, and he did it; and Herodias had an anxiety for the head of John the Baptist, and she got it, and Lady Macbeth wanted Mac to give old man Duncan a fatal prod, and he did it. He never even gave the old man a chance.
"You didn't foresee the consequence, you say, when you set up your book, newspaper, and plain and fancy job printing establishment in Westminster Abbey. You didn't know, now honest? You didn't think there would ever be such a thing as a tramping jour, did you? You didn't see the head of the blooming old procession that has been about three hundred years passing a given point? You wasn't prepared for that gay old cortege; that innumerable caravan, were you? It didn't occur about the 'banner,' and the very rum lot who were to put in their time carrying it? Your prophetic eye did not see the long string of red noses and sore eyes, and sunburnt necks, and blistered heels? You never thought of the fellows who would sleep on the bank, and under the bank, and behind the stove, and down in the press room among the greasy rags and wrapping paper and strings, and also repose their old bones betimes in the calaboose?
"No, you didn't think of any of these things, we may well believe. You never dreamed, Bill, that some thousands of your fellow creatures would put their eyes out and grow old before their time, and humpbacked in the flower of their youth, sticking type on morning papers. You never imagined how they would all stir the fire up; how the 'old man' would blaspheme the foreman, and how the last-named would make even by calling the learned and accomplished compositors a lot of goggle-eyed, slab-sided, knock-kneed blacksmiths.
"Bless your simple-hearted, ink-smeared old soul, nothing appears to have occurred to you! You didn't hear sounding down the ages anything about `a few cords of dry wood wanted at this office immediately,' nor the loud and exceeding bitter cry for `any kind of country produce.' You are responsible for all this, and you didn't think! And in that connection I may remark that is what every meddling, mischief-making lunatic says. You didn't know the gun was loaded, and so you snapped it, and that is the way some fool kills somebody every day in the week. But you didn't think; you meant well, but were just an idiot, that is all. Probably, if you had thought, you would have hung the printing business on the dead hook, but you didn't, and it is now too late. The line is hair-spaced now, and it can't be helped. We are in the everlasting `drag,' and are stuck for all night. Oh, William, William!"
Newspaper annals -- The Commonwealth, commenting upon the Kansas newspaper sketch, some 10 columns in length, published in the Atchison Champion in its issue of the 11th, and compiled by Secretary Adams of the Historical Society, from data furnished eight years ago by the late R. B. Taylor of Wyandotte, says:
These correspondents told what we shall not attempt to tell, the story of scores of newspapers and hundreds of newspaper editors and publishers. These gentlemen made this record only eight years ago, and yet what changes have been wrought in the ranks of the historians themselves in that eight years. The earnest and true man, Taylor, who compiled the record, has himself gone over to the "silent majority"; so has Lucien J. Eastin, the pioneer of Kansas journalism; so has the gifted and eccentric Horner; so has Weaver. A very few have left the state, as Prescott. Singularly those who came first remain latest in the business -- Martin, Prouty, Root, Thacher, and others.
To the young men anxious to reap fame and wealth in the newspaper business, we would commend the list of names we have given. No more industrious and exemplary men have ever existed than those who have written the "short and simple annals" of the Kansas press, yet how few of them are in possession of either wealth or fame as a reward for their labors....In looking over this long list, we find but one man, Senator P. B. Plumb, who has reached high position and at the same time amassed anything more than a competency, and it should be borne in mind that Colonel Plumb went out of the newspaper business years ago.
Col. John A. Martin spent a part of yesterday and the day before in our city, renewing old acquaintances and making new ones. Colonel Martin is known to many of our older citizens as one of the "old guard" of Kansas pioneers....Colonel Martin was a gallant soldier during the war....He is one of the most enthusiastic believers in Kansas...that we have in the state. Through the columns of the Champion, he has done as much as any other man to publish the resources of the state and aid in their development....The Colonel is a candidate for the Republican nomination for governor. Without disparaging other candidates, we may say that Colonel Martin's candidacy would be very popular in Douglas County....
Col. John A. Martin, from Osage City Free Press
Editor Free Press: The city and county of Atchison, Kansas, was named in honor of David R. Atchison, of Missouri, and when border ruffianism was in its glory no town was so rampant as Atchison.
The Squatter Sovereign was the organ of this set of men, and no paper in the extreme South was more earnest in the support of slavery, or more terrible in its denunciation of the Free-State men. During the three first years of its existence, the town had a very slow growth, and but for the discovery of gold at Pike's Peak would perhaps still be a little whisky-drinking hamlet.
But the discovery of gold, and the immense amount of freight which must be shipped to this new Eldorado, and also the discovery that Atchison was ten miles nearer the mines than any other point on the Missouri River, convinced a few of our business men that Atchison could and would be a great shipping point for the West.
S. C. Pomeroy and two or three other Free-State men bought a large interest in Atchison, and among other things the Squatter Sovereign -- and this sheet now breathed a mild form of Free-State principles. The pro-slavery element being still dominant, the new editor was very careful how he spoke of their acts and principles. Soon after this, a youth, scarcely 19, came fresh from the case, as a compositor for a Pennsylvania paper, purchased the Squatter Sovereign and assumed its editorial control. Re-christened as Freedom's Champion, our little town paper ventured to stem the political tide.
Our old and tried Free-State men still remember young Martin's salutatory -- bold, fearless, uncompromising -- declaring his intention to live and die, if need be, for the cause of freedom in Kansas; and to use every effort in his power to drive the stain of slavery forever from our soil. He called on all freemen to stand firm and true to their colors, and never yield a foot, "or even one inch" to the enemies of liberty and of progress. His words thrilled us like an electric shock, and every man who loved the cause took his paper and cheered him on. Our "boy editor" was spoken of with praise by both friend and foe. So young, yet so fearless, he at once proved himself an able friend and a powerful foe.
During the winter of 1857-58, Congress declared Kansas a state -- if she accepted the "Lecompton Constitution," framed by desperadoes from the slaveholding states, and fastening slavery upon Kansas. No one denounced it more bitterly than Martin, nor did any one exult more over its defeat.
September 2, 1858, we had a "jubilee" at Pardee, and many of our ablest men were present. Parrott, Conway, H. Miles Moore, Richardson, Pomeroy, and others addressed the meeting, and then John A. Martin was called on. He was not 20 years old. Never was a young orator received with more applause. It was his first speech to a Kansas audience. He then declared his great love for freedom, and that it was his hope and aim to live and die under the banner of human liberty upon the soil of free Kansas.
During the close of 1858, the citizens of Kansas elected delegates to a "constitutional convention" to be held at Leavenworth. We had three before this, viz.: Topeka, Lecompton, and Wyandotte -- the first and last for freedom, and rejected by Congress. Of this Wyandotte convention, Martin was chosen secretary -- the position being given him as a reward for his earnest work in the cause.
About this time the organization of the Republican party was agitated, and the Freedom's Champion was one of its earnest supporters. At first there was great opposition. Many called themselves Free-State men whose Free-State principles were only local. They wanted Kansas to be free, but did not care what happened elsewhere. These men bitterly opposed the Republican movement, and must be converted, or made to join the enemy. Among this element was G. W. Brown of the Herald of Freedom, who opposed the effort of organizing the new party, as it then was, with a warmth more worthy of a veteran slave driver than one who had suffered so much for free Kansas. The writer at this time was taking both the Herald of Freedom and Freedom's Champion. In one of Brown's assaults, he spoke of the Freedom's Champion as edited by a mere boy, and that it was enthusiastic youths who were the great supporters of the new party movement. Nobly did young Martin respond to this assault. He declared it his greatest honor as a "boy" to battle for the party through which was the only safety and prosperity of Kansas. The Free-State party had done well and saved Kansas, and he acknowledged the services of Brown as one of the most able of that band of Freemen -- but now the mission of that party was ended, and we need and will have a new party that will protect Kansas, and make her the freest state in the Union.
In May, 1859, a convention met at Osawatomie to organize the Republican party. Horace Greeley was present, and delivered a rousing speech. John A. Martin was secretary.
When Kansas was admitted, we Atchison County people sent Martin to Topeka as one of the two senators allowed us. He was now 22 years old, and had been in Kansas three years. During this winter was the secession of the rebel states. The Legislature formed themselves into a military company and offered themselves to the governor.
Returning home from Topeka, Martin commenced a series of determined editorials in support of the government. No paper was more defiant or unwavering in its opposition to the Confederacy.
During the year, the Eighth K.V.I. was mustered into the service, and John A. Martin was tendered the position of colonel, which he gladly accepted. Leaving the Champion in the care of Horton and Ingalls, he went to the front, and was always at his post. The "boys" all say he never shrank from duty, was brave to a fault, and as an officer a stern disciplinarian, yet kind and obliging to all. He always respected a private. During the whole service, we know of but three times that Colonel Martin was absent from his regiment, and then on special business, which he finished as quickly as possible.
Since the war the Colonel has held no public office except at one time as mayor of Atchison -- nor has he desired public office.
His name being now so prominent as a candidate for governor, we have penned these lines as a tribute of respect, having lived eight years within 10 miles of Atchison, and been intimately acquainted with the subject of this sketch. Hunt the state over, and you will find no man who will do better or be a greater honor to us than will be Governor John A. Martin. -- Yours, Lewano. P.S. This article was commenced nearly two months ago, but was unexpectedly delayed. The writer has been a resident of Kansas over 20 years -- now a resident of Osage County -- and knows whereof he writes. -- L.
After the most remarkable contest in our political history, the gubernatorial nomination of the Republican Party has fallen to Col. J. P. St. John....Let us do ample justice to Mr. St. John's competitors. Col. John A. Martin is not unknown to the people of Kansas. He has been a public man in our midst for 20 years, at the head of an influential journal, often filling positions of trust and honor; the secretary of the convention that framed our state constitution; a gallant soldier during the War of the Rebellion; mayor of Atchison; president of the Kansas and Missouri Associated Press, and of the Kansas Editors' and Publishers' Association....
Twenty-one years ago yesterday (July 15), we attended our first convention in Kansas; went with D. R. Anthony and F. G. Adams. It was held at Topeka, and D. R. and ourselves slept on the grass that night in front of what is to be the United States building. Lane presided, and said: "I do not believe God will let me die until I have made all free territory between Kansas and the Gulf of Mexico." It did become free before Lane's death. Hinton and A. D. Richardson were the secretaries. Conway was nominated for Supreme Judge and Parrott for Congress. Both are now in insane asylums. Lane died by his own hand. Richardson was killed by an outraged husband. Wakefield, Schuyler, Wattles, and Larzelere are all dead. The attempts to kill Col. D. R., Judge F. G., and ourselves have failed. We survive to be told by veteran Prouty that newspapers have no influence. The three aforementioned who went to Topeka together have all been editors. They can be starved, but are not often worth killing. Hinton is still an antique survivor, and is now the gray-headed editor of the San Francisco Post. In the list of officers and nominees we see only the name of one Democrat. H. Miles Moore, then very radical, has trained with the other parties some 10 years. On the whole, there is nothing in the list to induce a young man to engage in politics. The men who opened little stores at that time made better names and better homes for their families.... -- Web. Wilder in St. Joe Herald.
There will be four newspaper publishers in the next Kansas House of Representatives, viz.: W. A. Morgan of the Chase County Leader; J. C. Martin of the Kingman Mercury; G. W. McClintock of the McPherson Independent, and the "writer hereof." There may be some doubt about Martin's admission, as Kingman County has never before been represented. -- Johnnie Gilmore.
The Neodesha Free Press has been sold to W. H. and E. G. Champion. It will hereafter be a Democratic paper.
The Atchison Globe was a year old last Thursday. Its editor says the paper is so small that it cannot be starved out.
The first number of Colonel Forbes's new paper, Our Schools, has just been issued, and is a very handsome and creditable sheet. The edition amounts to 5,500 copies, and goes to nearly every school officer in the state.