First and Only Paper in Flourishing Territory 1854

First Press in the Kansas Territory 1854

The Press in Kansas; Towns Springing Up 1854

Herald of Freedom Founded in Lawrence 1855

Vol. 1, No. 31. J. Speer & W. W. Ross, editors.: * 1855

Lincoln in Kansas! His first speech! 1859

From the State Capital....Sol Miller is a "brick." 1862

The Press of Kansas. We believe the following to b 1862

We have neglected to notice the Fort Scott Monitor 1863

*The fight between Ewing and Anthony is still wagi 1863

*Additional News from Lawrence! Terrible Scenes!.. 1863

*The Raid on Lawrence! Particulars and Incidents!. 1863

*It will be remembered that John Speer of the Lawr 1864

Vol. 1, No. 1. M. M. Murdock, editor and proprieto 1872

Modern Improved Methods of Printing 1900

Kansas Freeman

Articles in database from Kansas Freeman:    5

September 19, 1855, Kansas Freeman (ID 5655)

Volume 1, Number 1. Published every Wednesday by E. C. K. Garvey & Co, in Garvey's Block, corner of Kansas Avenue and Fifth Street, upstairs.

The Slave Spirit. We have been no idle spectator of the contest between the North and the South upon the great disturber of our national peace, slavery, but we have ever been Union-loving and America-loving, and however loud and harsh the cries of fanaticism, or deep the lamentations of those who fancied they saw impending ruin to our national greatness, we have in the consciousness of our own nationality reclined in the faith that intelligence and true patriotism would ultimately bear down all undue sectionalism, in whatever part it might rise up, and thus maintain constitutional law and order. It is only until recently that we have been forced to fear and tremble for this happy result. We have never, until our residence commenced in Kansas, for a moment believed there to be a man who dared claim the high distinction of being an American citizen who would be so base and recreant to the cause of human liberty as to deny us the free exercise of those civil rights which the blood and treasure of our common ancestors purchased and bequeathed as our common inheritance. We have seen not only the individual, but hundreds, armed with knives, revolvers, and rifles, who deny us not the enjoyment of abstract principles only but that dearest of rights to an American citizen, that right which is the base of all others, the free exercise of elective franchise....

We consequently regard the present as the most imminent crisis that has occurred in the history of the U. States since the adoption of the constitution, and we are prepared for firm stand by the free states, practically, upon the constitution and the compromises of 1820 and 1850 for a platform. We deem it absolutely essential to the preservation of guaranteed constitutional rights to those who would enjoy them and suffer others to do the same, and we believe such a stand and nothing less would restore and maintain that national quietude that every true friend of our country regards as a consummation most devoutly to be wished for.


September 26, 1855, Kansas Freeman (ID 5656)

We dislike apologies. Who don't? They generally neither pay for the writing nor perusal. This is the first with which we have been compelled to inflict the reader. We trust no occasion will occur for the infliction of a second. But a brief statement is necessary concerning our affairs and this is the most opportune occasion on which to offer it. Will you read?

When we commenced the publication of the Freeman, our type and other office material had arrived in advance of our press but, expecting it on every day, we prepared a number of the paper and had it printed at an office in a neighboring...never doubting for a moment that our own press would arrive...for the issue of our second number. With this understanding, the principal proprietor of the Freeman left for Milwaukie, Wisconsin, in order to make a final disposal of his business there and bring with him his family to his new home in Topeka. No press, however, arriving at this place, and being unable to hear any tidings concerning it, and finding it too inconvenient as well as too expensive to attempt to continue the publication of the paper at an office thirty miles distant, it was deemed best to discontinue the publication of the Freeman until the press should arrive. As soon as the principal at Milwaukie was made acquainted with these facts, feeling, no doubt, deeply chagrined that his "best laid schemes" should be thus thwarted, immediately purchased an elegant and powerful Cylinder Steam Press of the first quality and started in company with the same for this place, determined at all hazards to see it delivered at its proper destination and in thorough working order. Last week press and principal both arrived; and while we can't speak so positively of the latter, we can truly say of the former that it is in fine condition, ready to perform any amount of labor we may command....We will issue this our second number on Wednesday - our regular publication day - and will thereafter regularly continue the weekly publication of the Freeman....And now a word to the public concerning our enterprise. The press, materials and incidentals connected with the publication office of the Kansas Freeman involve an expenditure direct, on our part, of about four thousand dollars! To us, under the circumstances, this is a heavy outlay of means in defense and behalf of the Free State interests of Kansas. We might readily have found opportunities of investing our funds in the Territory which would have yielded a handsome income on the amount invested. But, having looked the Territory over, being satisfied of the superiority of the country around Topeka; that Topeka itself as a place of residence is unsurpassed by any other in the Territory....We are four thousand dollars out of pocket at the commencement of the publication of the Freeman. It remains for our friends, the friends of freedom everywhere, to say how much more we shall be out from week to week in continuing its publication....The Freeman...can neither ask nor expect sympathy or support from the pro-slavery party. It must look to the friends of the cause it advocates for that support....But remember we do not ask your subscription as a gratuity - as a charity. On the contrary, we expect to furnish you a large sized, first class family newspaper, richly stored with such a variety of facts concerning the agricultural, mineral and other resources of our Territory...as will render it, we believe, a welcome visitant to the fireside of every family in the land.


December 19, 1855, Kansas Freeman (ID 5657)

E. C. K. Garvey, editor and proprietor. J. F. Cummings, publisher.

Kansas State Journal. A copy of this paper is upon our table; its mechanical execution is good and the young man talks like one who has had something of an acquaintance with men and things. P. O. Conver, its editor and proprietor, can be addressed at Topeka, Kansas. Terms $2 per annum in advance.


February 2, 1856, Kansas Freeman (ID 5658)

Valedictory. With this number of the paper our connection with the Freeman ceases. It is not necessary that the public know the causes which have prompted the withdrawal of my name, suffice to say that they are imperative and must be obeyed. In taking a review of our course since the commencement of our publication we can notice occasional errors in indicting at the spur of the moment a thought that had better have been left unwritten, or of inserting in our columns a paragraph that had better have been left unpublished. "But who is there that erreth not?" That such might be expected no one at all acquainted with the publication of a newspaper in a country like this would for a moment doubt, where the paper, ink, etc., necessary has to be shipped a distance of a thousand or more miles, and workmen are scarce and labor high; when the editor is the man of all work, farmer, builder, commissary, clerk, politician, etc., it could not be otherwise than that we should occasionally say something we should not have said and neglected to say some things which ought to have been said. Of this one thing, however, our patrons may rest assured that whatever errors may have been committed were emphatically errors of the head and not of the heart. With respect to the success of our enterprise we have only to say that it has been successful beyond our most sanguine hopes....In behalf of our successors, we bespeak from a generous, patriotic and freedom loving public a most liberal support. Cummings & Hayes have both been connected with our office for some time, Mr. Cummings from the first publication of the Freeman....Cummings & Hayes are young men, possessing the proper energy, ability, experience and intelligence...to make the Freeman the first paper in Kansas. - E. C. K. Garvey.

To the Public. The undersigned, having made arrangements with E. C. K. Garvey...by which we assume the entire control of the paper, deem this an appropriate occasion to enunciate briefly the principles whereby we will be governed. The Freeman will, as hitherto, continue to advocate the establishment of Free Institutions in Kansas, believing such to be more suited to the genius of the age in which we live, more conducive to the happiness and welfare of the people, and more promotive of the end and object of all well regulated governments than slave institutions. Believing slavery to be detrimental to the progress and prosperity of a state, demoralizing in its influence upon the social and intellection condition of the people, debasing to every attribute of humanity - and always and continually a curse to the master, if not to the slave, it will oppose by all fair and honorable means to prevent the curse of slavery from being fastened upon the soil of Kansas. In doing so we shall endeavor to respect the opinions of those who may differ with us upon this vital question and instead of strengthening them in their opinions by abuse and calumny will rather seek to convince them of the error by argument and reason....

The Freeman will hereafter occupy the platform adopted by the Free State Party of Kansas at the Big Springs Convention and now known as the "Free State Anti-Abolition Platform" in opposition to the "Buffalo Platform" recently adopted by the abolitionists of Lawrence.....

More Trouble in Kansas. We announced, a few days since, that the Kansas troubles were happily at an end - the Missouri ruffians having slunk away from before the portentous appearance of a brass cannon and a few hundred of Sharps rifles. But the report appears to have been premature; there is still serious trouble threatening the inhabitants of Kansas. It seems to be a favorite resort of the pro-slavery people to destroy ballot boxes, whenever they are in the minority. On the 15th of last month the people of Kansas were to vote upon a Constitution framed and adopted at a Free State Convention held at Topeka. As in the previous elections, resort was had to force to deter the Free State men from voting and finally the ballot box was destroyed, the house of an anti-slavery citizen burned to the ground, a pro-slavery man arrested from jail, and the jail also burned. This occurred at Leavenworth City, and if nothing further results from it and the same game was not played in other voting precincts, it will not prove a very serious matter. But Americans, in the exercise of right, are not accustomed to witness the open burning of their homes, and allow it to be repeated with impunity. The Free State men have heretofore proved themselves, under the circumstances, unexpectedly forbearing, cautious and prudent. But these are the virtues which do not last forever, and we can hardly expect the people of Kansas to witness this new outrage upon their rights and preserve their temper. The report, which we publish this morning, states that both parties have sent for assistance and we suppose a prompt response will be given. The brass cannon and the rifles will be brought upon the ground, probably, and the Missourians, after imbibing a few extra barrels of whisky, will return to preserve order.

If the Southern legislators had suffered the Compromise, for which they were so eager, to remain what they pleased to term a "finality," all this civil war in Kansas would have been unknown; and if outraging the North by repealing the Missouri Compromise, the Slavery propaganda had allowed the act to have its full force, the question of Slavery in Kansas would have been amicably adjusted. In their hot-headed, fanatical zeal to convert the territories of the Union into a grand slave pen, the Southerners seemed to have lost all reason and prudence, as well as decency and honor....


February 9, 1856, Kansas Freeman (ID 5659)

The politics of Kansas seem to be a most inexplicable problem - an unfathomable depth - a complete terra incognita - to the press and people of the states. This is induced by the manifestly gross misrepresentations of irresponsible and self-constituted letter writers who proudly assert that "I am sir Oracle," write their batch of stuff and forward the same to some Eastern journal for publication....But there has been another source of still greater misrepresentation and which has a tendency to confound public opinion still more upon our political issues....We refer to the blustering, braying, bullying braggadocio of blatant mouthed Brown of the Herald of Freedom. With that exceeding impudence, which can only be compared to the fellow's meanness, he arrogates to himself the organship of the Free State party. In Kansas, this assumption is simply laughed at. But in the States, where Brown is not known, the effect is different; and many who read his paper are induced to believe that there are but two classes of persons to be found within the limits of our state - the one, the Border Ruffian, a compound of the demon and brute, and the other the Abolitionist, of which Brown is high priest, scribe and champion combined.

To correct this false impression we wish to devote the remainder of this article. Until recently there have been ostensibly but two parties in Kansas. The one the pro-slavery, and the other the anti-slavery or Free State....We are personally acquainted with very many of the pro-slavery party, and notwithstanding Brown asserts to the contrary, we know them to be high-minded and honorable men....Many of them have condemned, and do now condemn, the interference of the citizens of Missouri, or elsewhere, in the affairs of Kansas politics....

The Free State party, like the pro-slavery, has hitherto been composed of equally contradictory elements - from the quiet, peaceable and conservative Free Statesman, who pays little attention to politics an attends only to his own business, down to the ranting Abolitionist who attends to everybody's business but his own. It has long been felt by the conservative branch that, sooner or later, a division must take place; and consequently, a few evenings after the State Nominating Convention of the 22d Dec. the Abolitionists assembled at the Emigrant Aid Co.'s hotel in Lawrence and formally bade the conservative branch of the Free State party "good bye" by adopting a platform of principles better calculated for the meridian of Buffalo or Syracuse, N.Y., or Boston, Mass., than of Kansas. This secession will reduce the Free State party but little in numbers, in strength and influence nothing. Lawrence, Council City, Osawatomie and a few in Topeka are about the only localities in Kansas where abolitionism has any foothold whatever; but their entire strength polled at any general election will not exceed 300 or 400 votes. This will leave the conservative branch of the Free State party, or which is now known as the "Free State Anti-Abolition Party," in a large majority over the combined vote of all other parties in Kansas and will enable it to control for good the fair fortunes of our state....